The number of Russians whose competencies are excessive or insufficient to carry out the work is named. In total, 33.9 million people fall into the “qualification pit” in Russia, according to a report from BCG and World Skills. In 2017, due to the personnel gap, global GDP did not receive $ 5 trillion. Surveys of recruitment agencies confirm that most employers have to put up with the fact that they have people with insufficient qualifications.33.9 million people fall into the “qualification pit” in Russia. These are those people whose competencies are excessive or insufficient for the work they perform.The problem of the so-called “personnel pit” is one of the main problems in the labor market, according to a report by BCG and World Skills, which is quoted by RIA Novosti. The document is based on statistics from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).Moreover, it says that every third worker in the world is faced with this problem. If we take statistics for all countries, then in the “qualification pit” is about 1.3 billion employees. By 2030, their number will increase by 100 million people.So, in 2017, due to the personnel gap, global GDP did not receive $ 5 trillion.As noted in a previously published study by the Gaidar Institute, RANEPA and the Ministry of Economic Development, in Russia, 56.8% work in the specialty or functionally approaching professions.Only 11% of respondents have high-quality education, and 34% have a higher education level than average.At the same time, the job search service “Job.ru” conducted a survey among 333 Russian companies regarding overqualified specialists. He found out under what conditions they are ready to take over-qualified specialists and what are the main reasons for the rejection of such applicants.As it turned out, most employers (93%) came across candidates whose skills exceeded the requirements stated in the vacancy. Only 7% of respondents did not have to consider overqualified specialists.Half of the employers recruited such specialists, but did not offer them a salary or a position higher than what was originally assumed in the vacancy. 30% of respondents are ready to offer such jobseekers a higher salary and position or to create new jobs for them.11% of employers refuse candidates whose qualifications are above their requirements. Only 3% of employers are willing to offer a higher salary, but without increasing the future employee in the post.The most common reason for refusal (64%) for overqualified specialists was the assumption of employers that work would be temporary for the employee. 28% of respondents are sure that such a candidate will have nowhere to grow in the company. A quarter of employers are mistrustful of the reasons why a highly skilled employee is going down for a lower position and salary, according to a survey of the service.As explained by “Gazeta.ru” Alexander Veterkov, Deputy General Director of “Work.ru”, the company sees a significant spread in the experience and knowledge of the applicants on the responses to the posted vacancy.“Moreover, applicants who have a greater store of knowledge and skills are even more willing to change jobs – they understand that they can do more than work colleagues nearby. Or they get higher salary requests, which the employer is not always ready to support, ”the expert says.On the other hand, a large number of employers have to get used to the fact that people with insufficient qualifications work for them, and this hinders the development of the company.In the near future, we can expect changes in education and an increase in the number of organizations that really provide knowledge and skills, and not just a crust of continuing education courses. Moreover, such a request exists, the expert adds.Meanwhile, Russians will have more problems finding a job in the future. About 15 million Russians may lose their jobs in the future due to the fact that their professions will be unclaimed in the market. About this URA.Ru said earlier a member of the State Duma Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans Affairs Oleg Shein.“We have about 15 million people working in professions that do not require any qualifications. These are sellers, security guards, drivers. Obviously, this work will soon not be in demand, ”Shein said.As the deputy noted, the disappearance of professions is directly related to technological progress. Now more and more people treat work not as necessity, but as creativity. Therefore, those specialties will remain in demand, part of which is empathy and empathy, Shein believes.At the Higher School of Economics (HSE), it was noted that the disappearance of professions may be associated with the automation of processes. Massive professions will be replaced by digital services, since monotonous mental labor can be replaced by algorithms.