On August 26, the second package of US sanctions against Russia came into force in connection with the Skripals affair. A ban is introduced on the export of a number of goods and technologies, on IMF loans. The main blow is restrictions on operations with Russian securities. The Russian authorities claim that these restrictions are not terrible.On Monday, August 26, the second package of sanctions entered into force that the United States imposed against Russia in connection with the case of poisoning the former GRU officer Sergei Skripal and his daughter Julia in English Salisbury.The United States and Britain blame the poisoning of the Skripals on the Russian special services. Moscow refutes its involvement in this matter.The Department of State notified the introduction of new restrictions through the electronic database of the US Federal Register. US leader Donald Trump signed a decree on August 2.The second package of sanctions includes the limitation of debt financing of Russia by US banks in foreign currency.In particular, the United States will oppose the provision of loans, financial or technical assistance to Moscow by international financial institutions such as the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund.American banks are now prohibited from participating in the primary non-ruble bond market of Russian sovereign debt and providing non-ruble loans to the Russian government.Also among the measures of influence on Russia is the restriction on the export of a number of goods and technologies that are controlled by US regulators on the criterion of “National Security.”For example, we can talk about avionics, underwater vehicles, gas turbines, calibration equipment and so on. In addition, business will not be licensed to import dual-use chemical and biological products from the United States to Russia.There will be a deformation of reputationThe second package also contains the possibility of lowering the level of bilateral diplomatic relations.The American side claims that the second package of sanctions is being introduced because Moscow has not provided statutory guarantees for the non-use of chemical and biological weapons.The State Duma has already responded to the next round of sanctions. The reaction is traditional. Viktor Zubarev, member of the State Duma Budget and Tax Committee, noted that the introduction of new anti-Russian sanctions will, in the first place, negatively affect the United States itself.He explained that US banks and companies will suffer multi-billion dollar losses. In addition, the United States will suffer further deformation of its reputation in the global market, the politician added in a comment to RIA Novosti.In this regard, Zubarev noted that the United States acted thoughtlessly: due to their actions, subjects of the financial and credit sphere and economic activities will suffer.”The Skripals case has already become a black mark in the piggy bank of one prime minister, and to continue to exploit this occasion is already old, gentlemen,” said Zubarev.Finally, he emphasized that Russia should introduce symmetrical measures against the United States.This is nothing more than a symbolic gesture.Interviewed by Gazeta.Ru experts call the second package of sanctions a symbolic, fearsome gesture.For example, Russia has not been using the financial assistance of the IMF and WB for a long time. On January 31, 2005, our country’s debt to the IMF in the amount of $ 3.3 billion was fully repaid.Moreover, in special strategic systems and military equipment in Russia, immediately after the imposition of sanctions in 2014, it was already forbidden to use Western components. For this reason, a ban on the export to Russia of goods and technologies that are controlled by US regulators on the criterion of “National Security” is not dangerous.Also, a ban on participation in the initial placement of Russian bonds denominated in any currency and on the provision of loans in foreign currency to the Russian government can always be circumvented if desired.In particular, American companies and banks will still be able to buy Russian Eurobonds in the secondary market.Moreover, the annual plan for external loans back in June was more than doubled.Recall that this year the Russian government placed Eurobonds twice. Investors from the United States bought 22% of all issues. The amount is approximately $ 1.4 billion out of $ 6.4 billion. In the last issue maturing in 2035, their share reached 29%.Experts believe that it is not the new sanctions that are more dangerous for the Russian economy, but the trade wars between the United States and China and, of course, the volatility in the oil market and the reduction in the cost of a barrel.As for sanctions, market participants laid this factor at the stage of their announcement. However, trading in the stock and foreign exchange markets will soon show what investors think of the second package.