About a quarter of the working population in Russia are self-employed. This conclusion was reached by the experts of the Center for Social and Political Monitoring of the ION RANEPA. The press release is at the disposal of Lenta.ru.The total number of self-employed in the country, the study said, reached 16-17 million people – that is 22.4 percent of all workers. In recent years, the number of those for whom self-employment is associated with obtaining basic income has been growing. In 2016, their share was 7.7 percent of all respondents, and now it is ten percent.More than half of the self-employed, 53.3 percent, work without formalization. This share is significantly higher, 72.8 percent, when it comes to self-employed for additional work. 64.1 percent of the self-employed, that is, about 10-11 million people, cost without a formal agreement with the customer. This is slightly more than in 2016 (61.8 percent).The study refers to self-employed individuals who work individually without the involvement of employees, do not have an employer and are engaged in the provision of services or sell goods of their own production. We took into account both those for whom this is the main type of activity, and those having at the same time the main job.The study involved 1215 people employed 18 years and older in 27 federal subjects. The survey was conducted by personal interview from May 15 to 23, 2019.In June, Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said that social funds are losing up to 2.3 trillion rubles a year due to the shadow employment of Russians. She noted that about 15 million people work in the informal sector, among whom are self-employed. The government is working to bring such citizens out of the “shadow”. From January 1, 2019, an experiment on the registration of self-employed is being held in four regions. According to the Federal Tax Service (FTS), over 160 thousand people have been registered during this time.In March, Rosstat published statistics from which it follows that the share of informal workers in Russia in 2018 amounted to 20.1 percent of all workers in the country. At the same time, both self-employed and employees of enterprises not registered as legal entities fall under the definition of informal workers.