Exactly 90 years ago, a five-day period was introduced in the USSR, but not in the usual sense: the Russians then began to work seven hours for four days, and rested on the fifth. The changes were caused by the need for enterprises not to stand idle. However, subsequently the schedule of the working week has undergone more than one change. Now the authorities are discussing the transition to a four-day period. However, judging by the polls, half of the country does not want to work less, fearing cuts and lower wages.90 years have passed since the five-day period was introduced in the USSR. On August 26, 1929, she replaced the seven-day working week with one day off.It was on this day that a resolution was adopted by the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR “On the transition to continuous production in enterprises and institutions of the USSR.”But they didn’t switch to the five-day week in the usual timetable for the present — we work five days, we rest two. Then they made another decision – they worked for four days, and rested on the fifth. And the year was divided into 72 five-day days and included five permanent holidays.The working day lasted seven hours instead of eight.As a result, it was assumed that the work week was becoming continuous. The country then experienced the era of the first five-year period, and it was necessary to achieve the set production goal. It was important that enterprises were not idle on Saturdays and Sundays.At that moment, the whole way of life in the country was changing. So, on October 1, in Russia there was a change in the countdown of dates and a transition to the Soviet revolutionary calendar. Not only labor standards changed, but also the names of the days of the week.For example, “Friday,” “Saturday,” and “Sunday,” with their Christian religious halo, are gone. Instead, they received the numbering from the first to the fifth day of the “five-day”.“Although continuous production was called the main reason for this change, there is reason to believe that the transition to a new revolutionary calendar was also important. The five-day period actually excluded the “religious” Saturdays and Sundays from everyday life. Moreover, it seems that weeks and months have disappeared, ”commented Andrei Volodin, labor historian at the Center for Economic History of Moscow State University, in an interview with Gazeta.Ru.However, the introduced five-day period had obvious disadvantages. The rolling schedule naturally led to the fact that in families the only day off in five days could not coincide with the weekend of the spouse.At the same time, the economic effect of the innovation turned out to be inconspicuous, primarily because of the short duration of the “experiment”, explains Andrey Volodin.Perfect innovation 90 years ago, the innovation did not live long – only until 1931. In November of this year, a six-day week was introduced, the 6th, 12th, 18th, 24th and 30th of each month were days off.An ordinary seven-day workweek with an 8-hour workday and 48 hours a week will not return to the USSR until the summer of 1940.And on March 7, 1967, a five-day working week with two days off was introduced by a resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. That is, the usual five-day period will appear to us.It is noteworthy that after almost a century, the country’s authorities again started talking about a change in the usual work week. But now officials are already talking about the “four-day”.As noted by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev during the June International Labor Conference in Geneva, technological advances are pushing for changes, which are expanding leisure time and shortening working hours.“It is very likely that the future lies with the four-day working week as the new basis for the social and labor contract,” Medvedev said in Geneva.In the ideal future, it is assumed that the Russians will work for four days, and rest for three.“Obviously, we also need to think about changes in the labor legislation for the future, bearing in mind various forms of labor regulation, including the so-called remote work and flexible work hours, and, in the future, maybe a transition to a four-day work week” – said Medvedev.At the same time, he explained that this should not be accompanied by a decrease in wages.Medvedev himself did not specify specific dates for the transition to the new schedule, but explained that there was no talk of any momentary transition. In the expert community, rather long terms are called.As the first deputy chairman of the Bank of Russia Sergey Shvetsov said in an interview with Gazeta.ru, the Russians will be able to work one day less in 13 years.“Two years ago, I said that through the use of modern information technologies, labor productivity will increase, and after 15 years we will seriously discuss the four-day work week. Two years have passed, 13 years remain, information technologies are being introduced, labor productivity growth is obvious. The transition of many conveyor production facilities to robots will release a large number of people, ”he noted.Nevertheless, the Russians were suspicious of this idea, and some were frightened by the fact that this could lead to a reduction in salaries.In a recent VTsIOM survey, only 29% of respondents were positive about moving to a four-day work week, while 48% of respondents were not happy with this approach.